The importance of proper running form

The Importance of Proper Running Form

Running is a great way to stay in shape and improve cardiovascular health, but it's essential to ensure you're using the proper form to avoid injury and get the most out of your workout. This article will cover the critical elements of good running form and how to achieve them.

Head Position

Keeping your head in a neutral position is crucial for proper running form. Your head should be held high, with your gaze focused on the horizon. This will help you maintain an upright posture and engage your core muscles. Avoid looking down at your feet or the ground, as this can cause your shoulders to hunch and your back to round.

Shoulder Position

Your shoulders should be relaxed and down rather than hunched up towards your ears. This will help you breathe more easily and reduce tension in your upper body. Keep your arms bent at a 90-degree angle, with your hands relaxed and loose.

Core Engagement

Engaging your core is essential for proper running form. Your core muscles, including your abs and lower back, help stabilize your body and keep you upright. Make sure to engage your core by pulling your belly button in towards your spine and keeping your back straight.

Foot Strike

The way your foot strikes the ground can have a significant impact on your running form. Ideally, you want to land on the midfoot or forefoot rather than the heel. This will help you maintain a more natural stride and reduce the impact on your joints.


Cadence, or the number of steps you take per minute, is another important aspect of proper running form. Aim for a cadence of 180 steps per minute, as this is the most efficient stride rate for most runners.


Proper running form is essential for avoiding injury and getting the most out of your workout. By focusing on head position, shoulder position, core engagement, foot strike, and cadence, you can improve your form and become a more efficient and effective runner.

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